Trademark-ClassesTrademark Classes Overview

All goods or services are categorized within international trademark classes.  Classes associated with goods are found in international trademark classes 1-34, while classes associated with services may be found in international trademark classes 35-45.  Any start-up, small business or entrepreneur should make certain that they prosecute their trademark in the correct international classification.  And if the product and/or service falls into multiple international classes, then multiple trademark applications should be filed in every appropriate trademark class.  For example, if a new small business owner is considering a trademark for her new brand of chocolate bar, and she is selling her chocolate bar over the internet and from a storefront, she should strongly consider prosecuting her trademark in international class 30 for chocolate bars and international class 35 for a retail store.

The United States Patent and Trademark Office has created 45 different trademark classes which will specify the goods or services each trademark owner uses or intends to use in connection with their registered trademark.

International Trademark Classes Descriptions

The following is brief descriptions of international classes 1-45, and can also be found on the USPTO website:

Trademark Class 1 – Chemicals

Chemicals used in industry, science and photography, as well as in agriculture, horticulture and forestry; unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; manures; fire extinguishing compositions; tempering and soldering preparations; chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs; tanning substances; adhesives used in industry.

Trademark Class 2 – Paints

Paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; colorants; mordants; raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for painters, decorators, printers and artists.

Trademark Class 3 – Cosmetics and Cleaning Preparations

Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations; soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions; dentifrices.

Trademark Class 4 – Lubricants and Fuels

Industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels (including motor spirit) and illuminants; candles and wicks for lighting.

Trademark Class 5 – Pharmaceuticals

Pharmaceutical and veterinary preparations; sanitary preparations for medical purposes; dietetic substances adapted for medical use, food for babies; plasters, materials for dressings; material for stopping teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparations for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides.

Trademark Class 6 – Metal Goods

Common metals and their alloys; metal building materials; transportable buildings of metal; materials of metal for railway tracks; non-electric cables and wires of common metal; ironmongery, small items of metal hardware; pipes and tubes of metal; safes; goods of common metal not included in other classes; ores.

Trademark Class 7 – Machinery

Machines and machine tools; motors and engines (except for land vehicles); machine coupling and transmission components (except for land vehicles); agricultural implements other than hand-operated; incubators for eggs.

Trademark Class 8 – Hand Tools

Hand tools and implements (hand-operated); cutlery; side arms; razors.

Trademark Class 9 – Electrical and Scientific Apparatus

Scientific, nautical, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, checking (supervision), life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling electricity; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; automatic vending machines and mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines, data processing equipment and computers; fire-extinguishing apparatus.

Trademark Class 10 – Medical Apparatus

Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments, artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; orthopedic articles; suture materials.

Trademark Class 11 – Environmental Control Apparatus

Apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying, ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes.

Trademark Class 12 – Vehicles

Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water.

Trademark Class 13 – Firearms

Firearms; ammunition and projectiles; explosives; fireworks.

Trademark Class 14 – Jewelry

Precious metals and their alloys and goods in precious metals or coated therewith, not included in other classes; jewelry, precious stones; horological and chronometric instruments.

Trademark Class 15 – Musical Instruments

Musical instruments.

Trademark Class 16 – Paper Goods and Printed Matter

Paper, cardboard and goods made from these materials, not included in other classes; printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery; adhesives for stationery or household purposes; artists’ materials; paint brushes; typewriters and office requisites (except furniture); instructional and teaching material (except apparatus); plastic materials for packaging (not included in other classes); printers’ type; printing blocks.

Trademark Class 17 – Rubber Goods

Rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica and goods made from these materials and not included in other classes; plastics in extruded form for use in manufacture; packing, stopping and insulating materials; flexible pipes, not of metal.

Trademark Class 18 – Leather Goods

Leather and imitations of leather, and goods made of these materials and not included in other classes; animal skins, hides; trunks and travelling bags; umbrellas, parasols and walking sticks; whips, harness and saddlery.

Trademark Class 19 – Nonmetallic Building Materials

Building materials (non-metallic); non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch and bitumen; non-metallic transportable buildings; monuments, not of metal.

Trademark Class 20 – Furniture and Articles Not Otherwise Classified

Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; goods (not included in other classes) of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastics.

Trademark Class 21 – Housewares and Glass

Household or kitchen utensils and containers; combs and sponges; brushes (except paint brushes); brush-making materials; articles for cleaning purposes; steelwool; unworked or semi-worked glass (except glass used in building); glassware, porcelain and earthenware not included in other classes.

Trademark Class 22 – Cordage and Fibers

Ropes, string, nets, tents, awnings, tarpaulins, sails, sacks and bags (not included in other classes); padding and stuffing materials (except of rubber or plastics); raw fibrous textile materials.

Trademark Class 23 – Yarns and Threads

Yarns and threads, for textile use.

Trademark Class 24 – Fabrics

Textiles and textile goods, not included in other classes; bed and table covers.

Trademark Class 25 – Clothing

Clothing, footwear, headgear.

Trademark Class 26 – Fancy Goods

Lace and embroidery, ribbons and braid; buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; artificial flowers.

Trademark Class 27 – Floor Coverings

Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors; wall hangings (non-textile).

Trademark Class 28 – Toys and Sporting Goods

Games and playthings; gymnastic and sporting articles not included in other classes; decorations for Christmas trees.

Trademark Class 29 – Meats and Processed Foods

Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, frozen, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jellies, jams, compotes; eggs, milk and milk products; edible oils and fats.

Trademark Class 30 – Staple Foods

Coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar, rice, tapioca, sago, artificial coffee; flour and preparations made from cereals, bread, pastry and confectionery, ices; honey, treacle; yeast, baking-powder; salt, mustard; vinegar, sauces (condiments); spices; ice.

Trademark Class 31 – Natural Agricultural Products

Agricultural, horticultural and forestry products and grains not included in other classes; live animals; fresh fruits and vegetables; seeds, natural plants and flowers; foodstuffs for animals, malt.

Trademark Class 32 – Light Beverages

Beers; mineral and aerated waters and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages.

Trademark Class 33 – Wine and Spirits

Alcoholic beverages (except beers).

Trademark Class 34 – Smokers’ Articles

Tobacco; smokers’ articles; matches.

Trademark Class 35 – Advertising and Business

Advertising; business management; business administration; office functions.

Trademark Class 36 – Insurance and Financial

Insurance; financial affairs; monetary affairs; real estate affairs.

Trademark Class 37 – Building Construction and Repair

Building construction; repair; installation services.

Trademark Class 38 – Telecommunications


Trademark Class 39 – Transportation and Storage

Transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement.

Trademark Class 40 – Treatment of Materials

Treatment of materials.

Trademark Class 41 – Education and Entertainment

Education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities.

Trademark Class 42 – Computer and Scientific

Scientific and technological services and research and design relating thereto; industrial analysis and research services; design and development of computer hardware and software.

Trademark Class 43 – Hotels and Restaurants

Services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodation.

Trademark Class 44 – Medical, Beauty & Agricultural

Medical services; veterinary services; hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, horticulture and forestry services.

Trademark Class 45 – Personal

Legal services; security services for the protection of property and individuals; personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals.