A Guide to Navigating the USPTO’s Trademark Classification System

USPTO Trademark Classes of Goods and Services

The United States Patent & Trademark Office (USPTO) utilizes a system known as the Nice Classification of Goods and Services, a standard adopted by the majority of countries globally for trademark registration. Essentially, the USPTO categorizes trademarks into 45 distinct categories – 34 for products and 11 for services. These categories, known as “international classifications” or simply “classes,” are instrumental for the USPTO to effectively organize and manage the vast array of trademarks registered with the USPTO annually. This classification system is pivotal not only for organizational purposes but also to determine the relationship between various goods and services and their respective channels of trade.

A prevalent misunderstanding about trademarks is the belief that owning a trademark grants exclusive rights to a particular word or phrase, prohibiting others from its use. However, trademark rights are specific to the use of that word or phrase in relation to the owner’s goods or services, not to the word or phrase in a broader context. Consequently, when applying for a federal trademark, an applicant must carefully select the correct trademark classes relevant to their goods or services and accurately describe those goods or services within the chosen classification.

Choosing the wrong trademark classification or improperly defining the goods and services can lead to application refusal, and it’s crucial to remember that all fees paid to the USPTO are generally non-refundable. Misclassification is a common issue that our trademark attorneys often encounter, leading to significant financial loss for applicants, particularly those applying in multiple classes. It’s not uncommon for companies offering a wide range of goods and services to hold multiple trademark registrations across various classes.

Understanding and selecting the appropriate trademark classifications is a critical and complex part of the trademark registration process. For instance, class 25 primarily includes clothing, hats, and shoes, while class 14 covers jewelry, watches, and clocks. If a trademark is used for financial planning services, it falls under class 36. However, the same trademark used for conducting financial planning seminars would be classified under class 41. Moreover, if it’s used for financial planning publications like books or study guides, it would be categorized under class 16. This illustrates the complexity and importance of accurately determining the appropriate classifications for a trademark.

Coordinated Trademark Classes

In addition to these trademark classes, the USPTO has identified certain “coordinated classes” or related trademarks classes for various goods and services, which are considered interconnected for trademark search and clearance purposes. For example, class 25, which includes clothing, has several coordinated classes such as class 14 for jewelry, class 18 for leather goods, and class 35 for advertising and business services. This is based on the reasonable expectation that a company selling clothing might also offer jewelry, leather handbags, or retail store services. Understanding these coordinated classes is essential for a comprehensive approach to trademark registration, ensuring that all potential avenues for brand protection are explored and secured.

Navigating the intricacies of trademark classifications can be daunting, underscoring the importance of thorough research and, often, professional legal assistance. Taking the time to understand and correctly identify the most appropriate classes for your trademark can save significant time and resources, and help in building a strong, legally protected brand identity.

Trademark Class 1: Chemicals

Class 1 is predominantly reserved for chemical products that find application in industrial, scientific, and agricultural fields, including those contributing to the manufacture of items in other classes. This class features a variety of products, such as compositions for fire extinguishing and prevention, preparations used in tempering and soldering processes, and chemicals for tanning animal skins and hides. It also covers unprocessed plastics, vital in various manufacturing processes, along with chemical substances aimed at preserving food items. Industrial adhesives, as well as putties and paste fillers used in construction and repair, are integral to this class. Additionally, it encompasses agricultural essentials like compost, manures, and fertilizers, and biological preparations designed for industrial and scientific use. However, Class 1 does not cover products like fungicides, herbicides, and vermin-destroying preparations, nor does it include raw or semi-processed resins, and chemicals specifically formulated for medical or veterinary use.

Coordinated Trademark Classes:

  • Class 5: Pharmaceuticals, Dietary & Nutritional SupplementsClass 5: Pharmaceuticals, Dietary & Nutritional Supplements
  • Class 17: Rubber Goods
  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services

Trademark Class 2: Paints

Class 2 primarily encompasses a range of products in the realms of painting, coloring, and printing. This includes paints, colorants, dyes, and various inks specifically designed for printing, marking, and engraving activities. Integral to this class are also preparations formulated to provide protection against corrosion. Examples of products within this category are diverse and encompass traditional paints, lacquers, and varnishes, as well as protective preservatives against rust and wood deterioration. Additionally, raw natural resins and metals in forms such as foil and powder, used in painting, decorating, printing, and artistic endeavors, fall under this classification. However, it’s important to note that Class 2 does not typically cover inks intended for stationary purposes, nor does it include insulating types of paints and varnishes.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 17: Rubber Goods
  • Class 19: Non-metallic Building Materials
  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Legal ServicesClass 17: Rubber Goods

Class 3: Cosmetics and Cleaning Preparations

Class 3 includes non-medicated cosmetics, toiletry preparations, home and environment cleaning preparations, non-medicated dentifrices, perfumery, and essential oils. Examples include bleaching substances, soaps, perfumes, hair lotions, and cleaning preparations. Exclusions are vitamins, medicated shampoos, soaps, lotions, and cosmetic cleaning instruments.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 5: Pharmaceuticals, Dietary & Nutritional Supplements
  • Class 17: Housewares and Glass
  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Legal ServicesClass 17: Rubber Goods
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services

Class 4: Lubricants, Fuels, Industrial Oils

Class 4 is designated for industrial oils, greases, lubricants, fuels, illuminants, and related products. This includes wetting and binding compositions, dust absorbing substances, candles, and wicks. Exclusions include certain special industrial oils, wood preservation oils, essential oils, and massage candles.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 1: Chemicals
  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 5: Pharmaceuticals

Class 5 is for pharmaceuticals and medical or veterinary preparations. This includes dietetic food adapted for medical use, baby food, plasters, disinfectants, and sanitary preparations for medical purposes. Exclusions are bandages, personal hygiene products, medicated shampoos, and dietetic food and beverages.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 1: Chemicals
  • Class 3: Cosmetics and Cleaning Preparations
  • Class 10: Medical Apparatus
  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services

Class 6: Metal Goods

Class 6 includes common metals, metal building materials, transportable buildings, railway track materials, cables, wires, ironmongery, pipes, tubes, safes, and other metal goods. Exclusions are electric cables, cages for household pets, paper clips, furniture, kitchen utensils, household containers, and non-metal flexible pipes.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 11: Appliances
  • Class 17: Rubber Goods
  • Class 19: Non-metallic Building Materials
  • Class 20: Furniture
  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 7: Machinery

Class 7 encompasses machines, machine tools, motors, engines (excluding those for land vehicles), and transmission components. It includes electric cleaning machines, agricultural implements (excluding hand-operated), and egg incubators. Exclusions are hand tools, hand-operated equipment, and tools and motors for vehicles.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 8: Hand Tools
  • Class 11: Appliances
  • Class 12: Vehicles
  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 8: Hand Tools

Class 8 is dedicated to hand-operated tools and implements, cutlery, side arms, and electric razors and clippers. Exclusions are surgical cutlery, paper knives, fencing gear, weapons, and motor-driven machine tools and implements.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 7: Machinery
  • Class 21: Housewares and Glass
  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 45: Personal and Legal Services

Class 9: Computers, Electrical and Scientific Devices

Class 9 covers scientific, nautical, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signaling, checking, lifesaving, teaching apparatus and instruments, and electrical control devices. It includes computers, recording and transmission devices, magnetic data carriers, recording discs, vending machines, cash registers, and fire-extinguishing apparatus. Exclusions are joysticks for video games, industrial robots, toy robots, heart rate monitors, diving lights, clothing, and equipment for sports.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 10: Medical Supplies
  • Class 16: Paper Goods and Printed Matter
  • Class 28: Toys and Sporting Goods
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 38: Communication Services
  • Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services

Class 10: Medical Supplies

Class 10 includes surgical, medical, dental, and veterinary apparatus and instruments, artificial limbs, eyes, teeth, orthopedic articles, and suture materials. Exclusions are wheelchairs, mobility scooters, massage tables, hospital beds, electronic cigarettes.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 10: Medical Supplies
  • Class 16: Paper Goods and Printed Matter
  • 28: Toys and Sporting Goods
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 38: Communication Services
  • Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services

Class 11: Appliances

Class 11 comprises environmental control apparatus and installations, especially for lighting, cooking, cooling, and sanitizing. This includes air conditioners, electric cooking utensils, electric blankets, and non-medical heated products. Exclusions are air condensers, generators, lamps for medical purposes, signaling lights.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 6: Metal Goods
  • Class 7: Machinery
  • Class 9: Electrical and Scientific Apparatus
  • Class 19: Non-metallic Building Materials
  • Class 20: Furniture
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 12: Vehicles

Class 12 is designated for vehicles and apparatus for locomotion by land, air, or water. This includes motors and engines for land vehicles, vehicle parts, bumpers, windscreens, steering wheels, tires. Exclusions are scooters, tricycles, special non-transportation vehicles, fire engines, tea carts, vehicle parts, and engines.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 7: Machinery
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 13: Firearms

Class 13 is for firearms, ammunition, explosives, and pyrotechnical products. This includes firearms, ammunition, projectiles, explosives, and fireworks. Exclusions are blades as weapons, flaming torches, toy air pistols, matches, flares.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 28: Sporting Goods
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 45: Personal and Legal Services

Class 14: Jewelry, Precious Metals

Class 14 covers precious metals, goods in precious metals, jewelry, chronometric instruments. This includes precious metals and alloys, goods in precious metals, jewelry, precious stones, and watches. Exclusions are smartwatches, charms, and cutlery.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 25: Clothing
  • Class 26: Fancy GoodsClass 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 15: Musical Instruments

Class 15 is for musical instruments and their parts and accessories. This includes mechanical pianos, music boxes, and electrical musical instruments. Exclusions are recording equipment and devices for music transmission and reproduction.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 28: Toys and Sporting Goods
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 16: Paper Goods and Printed Matter

Class 16 includes paper, cardboard, and products made from these materials, as well as office requisites. This encompasses paper, cardboard, printed matter, bookbinding material, photographs, stationery, adhesives, artists’ materials, paint brushes, office requisites, instructional material, plastic packaging, printers’ type, and printing blocks.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 9: Electrical and Scientific Apparatus
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 17: Rubber Goods

Class 17 is for rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica, and goods made from these materials. It includes plastics for manufacture, packing, stopping, insulating materials, and flexible non-metal pipes.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 1: Chemicals
  • Class 2: Paints
  • Class 6: Metal Goods
  • Class 19: Non-metallic Building Materials
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 18: Leather Goods

Class 18 focuses on leather, imitations of leather, and goods made from these materials. This includes animal skins, hides, trunks, travel bags, umbrellas, walking sticks, whips, harnesses, and saddles. Exclusions are leather clothing, footwear, and hats.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 14: Jewelry
  • Class 25: Clothing
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Servicess

Class 19: Building Materials

Class 19 includes non-metallic building materials, rigid pipes for building, asphalt, pitch, bitumen, non-metallic transportable buildings, monuments, veneers, building glass, and glass tiles. Exclusions are cement preservatives and fireproofing preparations.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 2: Paints
  • Class 6: Metal Goods
  • Class 11: Appliances
  • Class 17: Rubber Goods
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 20: Furniture

Class 20 covers furniture, mirrors, picture frames, and goods made of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother-of-pearl, meerschaum, plastics. This includes mattresses, spring mattresses, and pillows. Exclusions are linen for bedding and special furniture for laboratories and medical use.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 6: Metal Goods
  • Class 21: Housewares and Glass
  • Class 28: Toys and Sporting Goods
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 21: Housewares, Glass and Utensils

Class 21 is dedicated to household or kitchen utensils and containers, as well as combs, sponges, brushes, articles for cleaning, steelwool, glassware, porcelain, and earthenware. Exclusions are electric-driven kitchen appliances.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 3: Cosmetics and Cleaning Preparations
  • Class 8: Hand Tools
  • Class 20: Furniture
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services

Class 22: Cordage, Fibers, Ropes and Textile Products

Class 22 includes ropes, string, nets, tents, awnings, tarpaulins, sails, padding and stuffing materials, raw fibrous textile materials. Exclusions are strings for musical instruments.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 23: Yarns and Threads
  • Class 24: Fabrics
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 23: Yarns and Threads

Class 23 covers natural or synthetic yarns and threads for textile use.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 22: Cordage, Fibers, Ropes and Textile Products
  • Class 24: Fabrics
  • Class 26: Fancy Goods
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 24: Fabrics, Textiles

Class 24 includes textiles, textile goods, bed and table linens. Exclusions are electric blankets.

Coordinated Classes:

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 23: Yarns and Threads
  • Class 25: Clothing
  • Class 26: Fancy Goods
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 25: Clothing

Class 25 is for clothing, footwear, headgear. Exclusions are bibs of paper, handkerchiefs, clothing for animals, dolls’ clothes, paper party hats, protective helmets, clothing for fire protection.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 14: Jewelry
  • Class 18: Leather Goods
  • Class 24: Fabrics
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 26: Fancy Goods, Lace and Embroidery

Class 26 covers lace and embroidery, ribbons, braid, buttons, hooks and eyes, fasteners, pins and needles, artificial flowers. Exclusions are yarns and threads for textile use.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 23: Yarns and Threads
  • Class 24: Fabrics
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 27: Floor Coverings, Carpets

Class 27 includes carpets, rugs, mats, linoleum, and wall hangings. Exclusions are metallic and non-metallic floors, wooden floor boards, wall hangings of textile.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 19: Non-metallic Building Materials
  • Class 24: Fabrics
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 28: Games, Toys and Sporting Goods

Class 28 covers games, playthings, gymnastic and sporting articles, Christmas tree decorations. Exclusions are sports clothing, sex toys, diving equipment, certain gymnastic and sporting articles, fishing and hunting equipment.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 9: Electrical and Scientific Apparatus
  • Class 16: Paper Goods and Printed Matter
  • Class 20: Furniture
  • Class 25: Clothing
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 29: Meats, Fish, Poultry and Processed Foods

Class 29 includes meat, fish, poultry, game, meat extracts, preserved, dried, cooked fruits and vegetables, jellies, jams, compotes, eggs, milk, milk products, edible oils, fats. Exclusions are baby food, salad dressings, processed seeds, animal chocolate-covered nuts.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 5: Pharmaceuticals
  • Class 30: Staple Foods
  • Class 31: Natural Agricultural Products
  • Class 32: Light Beverages
  • Class 33: Alcoholic Beverages, Wine and Spirits
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 43: Hotels and Restaurant Services

Class 30: Staple Foods, Coffee, Flour, Rice

Class 30 includes mainly foodstuffs of plant origin prepared or preserved for consumption, as well as flavor enhancers for food. This includes coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar, rice, tapioca, sago, artificial coffee, flour, cereals, bread, pastry, confectionery, ices, honey, treacle, yeast, baking-powder, salt, mustard, vinegar, sauces, spices, ice. Exclusions are baby food, animal food, dietary supplements, raw cereals, milk beverages with coffee, cocoa, tea, fresh herbs.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 1: Chemicals
  • Class 5: Pharmaceuticals
  • Class 29: Meats and Processed Foods
  • Class 31: Natural Agricultural Products
  • Class 32: Light Beverages
  • Class 33: Alcoholic Beverages, Wine and Spirits
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 43: Hotels and Restaurant Services

Class 31: Grains, Agricultural Products

Class 31 includes land and sea products not prepared for consumption, live animals and plants, foodstuffs for animals. This includes agricultural, horticultural, forestry products, grains, living animals, fresh fruits, vegetables, seeds, natural plants, flowers, animal food, malt. Exclusions are tobacco, rice, dietary supplements, artificial fishing bait.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 5: Pharmaceuticals
  • Class 29: Meats and Processed Foods
  • Class 30: Staple Foods
  • Class 32: Light Beverages
  • Class 33: Alcoholic Beverages, Wine and Spirits
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 32: Light Beverages

Class 32 includes beers, mineral and aerated waters, nonalcoholic drinks, fruit drinks, juices, syrups, preparations for making beverages. Exclusions are milk, medical beverages, beverages with coffee, cocoa, chocolate bases, pet beverages, alcoholic drinks except beer.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 5: Pharmaceuticals
  • Class 29: Meats and Processed Foods
  • Class 30: Staple Foods
  • Class 31: Natural Agricultural Products
  • Class 33: Alcoholic Beverages, Wines and Spirits
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 43: Hotels and Restaurant Services

Class 33: Alcoholic Beverages, Wine and Spirits

Class 33 covers alcoholic beverages, essences, extracts except beer, wines, spirits, liqueurs, alcoholic fruit extracts, bitters. Exclusions are medicinal beverages, beers, non-alcoholic mixers for alcoholic beverages.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 5: Pharmaceuticals
  • Class 29: Meats and Processed Foods
  • Class 30: Staple Foods
  • Class 31: Natural Agricultural Products
  • Class 32: Light Beverages
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 43: Hotels and Restaurant Services

Class 34: Tobacco Products

Class 34 includes tobacco and articles for smoking, as well as related accessories and containers. This includes tobacco, tobacco substitutes, smokers’ articles, matches. Exclusions are tobacco-free cigarettes, batteries, chargers for e-cigarettes.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 4: Lubricants and Fuels
  • Class 35: Business and Advertising Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 35: Advertising and Business Services

Class 35 encompasses services related to business management, operation, organization, administration, advertising, marketing, promotional services. Exclusions are financial services, real estate management, stock brokerage, transport logistics, legal services.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 36: Insurance and Financial Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 38: Communication Services
  • Class 39: Transportation and Storage Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 43: Hotels and Restaurant Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services
  • Class 45: Personal and Legal Servicess

Class 36: Insurance and Financial Services

Class 36 includes services related to banking, financial transactions, financial valuation, insurance, real estate. Exclusions are freight brokerage, transport brokerage, ATM services, administrative services for business transactions, bookkeeping, tax preparation, business appraisals.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 38: Communication Services
  • Class 39: Transportation and Storage Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 43: Hotels and Restaurant Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services
  • Class 45: Personal and Legal Services

Class 37: Building, Construction and Repair Services

Class 37 covers services related to building construction, repair, installation services. Exclusions are physical storage of goods, custom tailoring, dressmaking, embroidering, architectural services, computer software installation, website hosting.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 36: Insurance and Financial Services
  • Class 38: Communication Services
  • Class 39: Transportation and Storage Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 43: Hotels and Restaurant Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services
  • Class 45: Personal and Legal Services

Class 38: Communication Services

Class 38 includes services that facilitate communication between parties, broadcasting and transmission of data. Exclusions are radio, telemarketing, online social networking, advertising services.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 36: Insurance and Financial Services
  • Class 38: Communication Services
  • Class 39: Transportation and Storage Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 43: Hotels and Restaurant Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services
  • Class 45: Personal and Legal Services

Class 39: Shipping, Transportation, Storage and Travel Services

Class 39 includes transport services by rail, road, water, air, pipeline; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement. Exclusions are customs brokerage, traveler checks, travel agents, vehicle maintenance and repair, hotel room reservations by travel agents.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 36: Insurance and Financial Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 38: Communication Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 43: Hotels and Restaurant Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services
  • Class 45: Personal and Legal Services

Class 40: Material Treatment Services

Class 40 involves services rendered by mechanical or chemical processing, transformation, or production of objects or substances, including custom manufacturing. Exclusions are food decorating, rustproofing, vehicle painting, and construction services.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 36: Insurance and Financial Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 38: Communication Services
  • Class 39: Transportation and Storage Services
  • Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 43: Hotels and Restaurant Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services
  • Class 45: Personal and Legal Services

Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services

Class 41 covers educational, training, entertainment, sporting, recreation, and cultural activities. Exclusions are news agency services, radio and TV broadcasting, technical writing, videoconferencing, health spa, wedding services.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 36: Insurance and Financial Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 38: Communication Services
  • Class 39: Transportation and Storage Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 43: Hotels and Restaurant Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services
  • Class 45: Personal and Legal Services

Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services

Class 42 includes scientific, technological, research, design, industrial analysis, and development services. Exclusions are financial evaluation, sound engineering, medical and veterinary services, legal services, business auditing, marketing research, legal research.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 36: Insurance and Financial Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 38: Communication Services
  • Class 39: Transportation and Storage Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
  • Class 43: Hotels and Restaurant Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services
  • Class 45: Personal and Legal Services

Class 43: Hotels, Restaurants and Food Services

Class 43 includes services related to the provision of food and drink and temporary accommodation. Exclusions are long-term rental apartments, travel reservation, planning services, business management of hotels, rental services for real estate, travel and transport reservation services, babysitting, pet sitting, rest home services, beer brewing and wine making for others, housekeeping.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 36: Insurance and Financial Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 38: Communication Services
  • Class 39: Transportation and Storage Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services
  • Class 45: Personal and Legal Services

Class 44: Medical, Beauty, Agriculture and Veterinary Services

Class 44 includes medical, veterinary services, hygienic, beauty care for humans or animals, and services related to agriculture, horticulture, forestry. Exclusions are exercise-oriented health clubs and spas, boarding for animals, retirement homes, animal training services, pest control services, health clubs for physical exercise.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 36: Insurance and Financial Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 38: Communication Services
  • Class 39: Transportation and Storage Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 43: Hotel and Restaurant Services
  • Class 45: Personal and Legal Services

Class 45: Personal, Security and Legal Services

Class 45 encompasses personal and social services rendered by others to meet individual needs; security services for property and individuals; funeral services, matrimonial services, certain dating services. Exclusions are medical, financial planning, insurance, brokerage services, and educational services.

Coordinated Classes:

  • Class 35: Advertising and Business Services
  • Class 36: Insurance and Financial Services
  • Class 37: Construction and Repair Services
  • Class 38: Communication Services
  • Class 39: Transportation and Storage Services
  • Class 40: Material Treatment Services
  • Class 41: Education and Entertainment Services
  • Class 42: Computer, Scientific and Technology Services
  • Class 43: Hotel and Restaurant Services
  • Class 44: Medical, Beauty and Agricultural Services